Labels are trims that are used on the garment to provide information about the garment. Labels are narrow woven tapes that have the information, either woven into it while making or printed on it. Each Brand/Retailer/Importer requires a combination of these on the garments being delivered to them. Labels are grouped based on below criteria:
a. Quality (based on how they are made, material used to make)
b. Type (based on method used to apply on garment)
c. Label Classification (Branding - as part of brand identification information, Mandatory - laws requiring availability of certain information for consumer)
a. Label Quality
1. Woven: Information and/or graphics are made while weaving label.
- Damask (Jacquard)
- Taffeta (Dobby)
2. Printed: Information and/or graphics are printed on base tape of label. The base tape comes in taffeta, satin, woven qualities.
3. Non-Woven or Leather: Information and/or graphics are embossed or burnt on base.
4. Embroidery: Information and/or graphics are machine embroidered on fabric base.
5. Heat Sealed: Edges of labels are heat sealed. Heat sealed labels tend to have a rough edge. Rough edge coming in contact with skin, may cause irritation to wearer.
6. Needle loom soft edge: Woven labels made on needle looms have a woven secure edge resulting in soft edge that’s skin friendly.
7. Die-Cut labels: Woven, Printed, Non-Woven or leather Label that is cut to required shape using a die cutting machine. Die-Cut labels have a heat sealed edge and usually used as decorative labels.
b. Label Types
1. Top sew / Insert / Centre fold / Loop Labels: These labels are folded as a loop and then inserted into a garment seam. Common placement of this label is at inner centre-back neck of tops/shirts/jackets.
2. End Fold Label / Edge folded labels: These labels are folded at both ends and are applied(patched) onto the garment. This label may be stitched on ends or on all 4 sides. Common placement of this label is on inner centre back neckband of shirts/tops and centre back waistband of bottoms (shorts/pants/skirts).
3. Mitre fold Label: This is a label with mitered ends (ends turned at a 45degree angle). This label in inserted into seams. Common placement for this label is outer centre back yoke on shirts.
c. Label Classification
1. Main Label: This label is a combination of different information. It is placed at easily visible inner area of the garment, usually inside neck of inside waist band. Brand name, logo, wise, fiber content, COO, RN/CA# and Care instructions are commonly appearing information on the main label.
2. Brand Label: This label contains brand information such as Brand name, Brand Logo. This label is mandatory in absence of a Main label as the Brand helps consumer to remember source of the product they have bought.
3. Size Label: This label contains the size of information of the garment it is attached to. This label is mandatory in absence of a Main label. Sizes are numerical, alphabetical or alphanumerical. The Size mentioned on label helps consumer to remember the particular size garment of the brand that fits them well. It is useful for consumer in locating correct fitting garment of particular brand in their next purchase.
On numerical size labels, sizes may appear as:
• 4, 8, 10, 12, 14, etc…….. for Women’s Clothing
• 32, 34, 36, 38, etc……..for Men’s clothing
• 32/28,32/30, 32/32, etc….. for Men’s or Women’s trousers
On alphabetical size labels, sizes may appear as:
• XS, S, M, L, XL, etc….
On alphanumerical size labels, sizes may appear as:
• 0, 3M, 6M, 9M, 2-3Yrs, 3-4Yrs ect……. For baby and children’s clothing
• 32P, 40P etc….. for Women’s Petit sizes
4. COO label: This label provides Country Of Origin information. COO is a mandatory information. It is the Made in …………(India) label. It means garment was manufactured in whichever country is mentioned on the label.
5. Content Label: Name of fiber/s and percentage(% )of each fiber contained in the fabric used to make the garment is mentioned on this label. This is mandatory information, either mentioned on the main label or on a separate care label.
6. RN# Label (CA#): The RN# or the CA# is the registration number of the brand in the country the product will be sold. In the US RN# is mandatory, in Europe CA# is mandatory.
7. PO Label: This is a optional label required by some Brads/Retailer/Importers. Labels contains the Purchase Order number of that particular style.
8. Care Instruction Label: This label gives recommended washing and care information (instructions) to the consumer. The information could be symbolic and/or in written sentences. This is mandatory information, either mentioned on the main label or on a separate care label. The information contained in this label may be in multiple languages.
9. Security Label: This label contains an electronically sensitive device in it. This label is used to prevent pilferage (stealing) from retail store.
10. Patch Label: These labels are applied as a patch on the garment. Commonly has brand logo or brand name.
11. Pocket Label: These labels are narrow in height and placed horizontally on the pocket hem. Usually, Brand logo or brand name appears on the label.
12. Placket label: Labels that are narrow in width. Paced vertically on the shirt placket. Usually, Brand logo or brand name appears on the label.
13. Flag Label: Labels inserted into vertical seams, mostly at the pocket. Usually, Brand logo or brand name appears on the label.
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