Definition: colour is applied to fabric by brushing or spraying open spaces of a pattern cut-out from a flat sheet of metal or water proof material/sheets.
MAKING OF STENCIL: A water proof sheet of plastic or laminate or cartridge paper or metal is taken. Required design is drawn on selected sheet. Design is cut-out with help of a surgical blade from the sheet. The cut spaces make up or form design on the selected sheet. If the design is too complicated then, cutting on design may lead to design dropping/falling away from the sheet. As only open spaces make-up the design, a set of patterns are used to form the design. In case the cut open spaces are too near, the patterns are held together with connectors.
Metal sheets are expensive, get damaged during work. Cartridge paper is better option.
The stencil is laid completely flat on the fabric tobe printed. The stencil designed is aligned with the place where design is to appear on fabric. Stencil is held in place with scotch tape/pins/clips or weights. Colour paste is then brushed through the perforations or gaps of stencil sheet with a brush. Stencil sheet/ plate is then lifted, which exposes the design on the cloth as a coloured silhouette of the cut-out parts of the stencil. If a pattern is requires more than 1 colour, then that many stencils are made. Cutouts are corresponding to each colour’s place in the design. The cloth is stencil printed with the first colour throughout and followed with the next colour in sequence. Colour may be brushed or sprayed or dabbed or sponged to get different effects. Another variation is to use different colours on different parts of the stencil and then brushing them over eachother giving a merging colour effect. This effect cannot be achieved in block or machine printing.
This method is limited to use in home decorative and home upholsteries. Any dye / pigment may be used. Oil colours, acrylic colours may also be used for stencil printing.